Tag Archives: amateur-science

Audubon: real-size bird book

John James Audubon (April 26, 1785 – January 27, 1851) was a FrenchAmerican ornithologistnaturalisthunter, and painter. He painted, catalogued, and described the birds of North America in a manner far superior to what had gone before. 

Most remarkable is his book ‘Birds of America’ which depicts over 400 birds in a scale of 1:1. When a specific species such as the flamingo was to big for the book he just adapted the birds position to fit in.



Charles Kemper


Migrating birds are attracted to the lights on television, radio, and cell-phone towers and will circle them for hours. Many mornings, Kemper found hundreds of dead birds. One morning he found 11,000. In 2002, he discontinued his study because he was no longer finding dead birds. He says he’s not certain why, but speculates that birds are becoming accustomed to the towers.


Kemper, Charles. 1996. A Study of Bird Mortality at as West Central Wisconsin TV Tower from 1957-1995. Passenger Pigeon, 58: 219-235.

Andere referenties (van Ornithological Council Towerkill Resolution):

  • Cochran, William W. and Richard R. Graber. 1958. Attraction of nocturnal migrants by lights on a television tower. Wilson Bulletin, 70:378-380.
  • Larkin, Ronald P., and Barbara A. Frase. 1988. Circular paths of birds flying near a broadcasting tower in cloud. Journal of Comparative Psychology 102:90-93.
  • Ogden, Lesley P. 1996. Collision course: the hazards of lighted structures and windows to migrating birds. World Wildlife Fund Canada and the Fatal Lights Awareness Program, 46 pp.

Zie ook:
Towerkill Workshop met gedetailleerde wetenschappelijke bendaringen.